Small Business Server makes it possible for Windows-based and Apple Macintosh clients to share files and printers. For example, suppose you created a document in Microsoft Word for Windows. A coworker can access that document, use Word for the Macintosh to modify it, and then place it back on the server so you can see those revisions using Word for Windows. This feature is supported by the Microsoft Windows NT Server Services for Macintosh, which is included with BackOffice Small Business Server 4.5.
With Services for Macintosh, Small Business Server can function as an AppleTalk router. Macintosh clients need only the Macintosh operating system software to function as workstations-no additional software is required. You also have the option to set up the services to run in user authentication module, which provides a secure logon to the Macintosh clients connected to Small Business Server. Additionally, Macintosh clients can also be set up to send and receive e-mail and to connect to the Internet through the shared connection provided by Small Business Server. BackOffice Small Business Server does not, however, extend support for the Fax Service or Modem Sharing Service to Macintosh clients.
Setting up the Windows NT Server Services for Macintosh:
1. From the Start menu, choose Settings, and then open Control Panel. Double-click the Network applet icon, and then click the Services tab. Press the Add button to bring up the list of services, and select Services for Macintosh. Insert the Small Business Server CD-ROM #1 into the CD-ROM drive, and choose Continue.
2. Once the system is finished copying files, the Microsoft AppleTalk Protocol Properties page will appear. Select the appropriate default zone based on your current AppleTalk network. If you do not have an AppleTalk network, your list of default zones will be empty. If this is the case, click the Routing tab to set up Small Business Server as your AppleTalk router.
3. Select the Enable Routing check box, and specify the network adapter connected to your local area network.
4. Next, select the Use this router to seed the network check box, and specify a network range. This network range is a number between 1 and 65,279. If the adapter is for a LocalTalk network, you cannot type a value in the end range.
5. Click the Add button to create a new AppleTalk zone. You will be prompted to specify a name, which you will be required to configure on each of your Macintosh clients. (eg Name of server)
6. Click OK, and reboot the server as recommended by the dialog box. After the server reboots, you will be able to connect your Macintosh clients.
7. After the server reboots, you can specify that Macintosh clients are required to log on using Windows NT Server Authentication. To do this:
8. From the Start menu, select Settings, followed by Control Panel.
9. Select the MacFile applet, which was created after installing Services for Macintosh.
10. Click the Attributes button.
11. Select the Require Microsoft Authentication option. (disable Guest access after Macintosh client is able to connect to the shared volumes)
12. Setting up Services for Macintosh creates an icon in Control Panel on the Windows NT Server-based computer. This icon gives you the same server administration capabilities as the MacFile menu, excluding volume management. For complete information, see the Windows NT Server Services for Macintosh documentation.
13. After setting up Services for Macintosh on Small Business Server, the AppleTalk Protocol, File Server for Macintosh, and the Print Server for Macintosh are started:
* The AppleTalk Protocol is the layer of AppleTalk Phase 2 protocols that delivers data to its network destination. The AppleTalk Protocol can be configured through the Network icon in the Windows NT Server Control Panel.
* File Server for Macintosh, also called MacFile, allows you to designate a directory as a Macintosh-accessible volume, ensures that Macintosh file names are valid names in the Windows NT File System (NTFS), and handles permissions. When set up, File Server for Macintosh commands appear in the Windows NT Server File Manager and Server Manager under the MacFile menu.
* Print Server for Macintosh, also called MacPrint, allows all network users to send print jobs to a spooler on the computer running Windows NT Server and continue to work, rather than wait for their print jobs to complete. Windows users can also review the print jobs in Print Manager.
Setting Up the Macintosh Clients
The Windows NT Server Services for Macintosh will enable Macintosh clients to share files and printers with Windows-based clients on a Small Business Server-based network. Additionally, you can configure the Macintosh clients to send and receive e-mail through Exchange Server. There are a few server-based services that are not available to Macintosh clients including the Fax Service, Modem Sharing Service, and Proxy Service.
Please refer to your Macintosh informational materials for setting up and configuring the AppleTalk services on your client machines.
Unlike Windows-based clients, Macintosh clients cannot access all file systems supported by Small Business Server. The Macintosh clients can only connect to partitions on the Small Business Server-based server that are formatted as NTFS. Additional requirements include:
Supports most Macintosh computers that use AppleShare networking software
Does not support Macintosh XL and Macintosh 128K models
Version 6.0.8 or later of the Macintosh operating system (System 7.1 is preferred)
Version 2.0 or later of AFP, the AppleTalk Filing Protocol (version 2.1 is preferred)
Ethernet cards in the Macintosh clients
How to setup the Macintosh Client
(This is basically from the NT Server Networking Guide, from the Resource Kit)
1. From the Macintosh client ensure that the Mac has an IP address (eg 10.0.0.250). This may be done through the Apple menu- MacTCP (or through Ethernet). Once this has been done, from the NT server, give the user access to the Internet (WWW access through Web and Winsock proxy). Attempt to browse the Internet from the Macintosh- validation will be required. This is a good test of basic connectivity.
2. Go to the Chooser (Apple menu). Click the AppleShare icon. On the right hand side of the chooser you should be able to select the name of the server (setup in the NT control panel for Mac services). Click OK, a sign in dialog box appears. Sign on as a Guest, click OK. Select the Microsoft UAM Volume and click OK (no need to reconnect to this at logon unless required).
3. From the Macintosh desktop open the Microsoft UAM Volume. Drag the AppleShare Folder to the System folder on the hard disk. (Do not overwrite this directory).
4. Delete (by dragging into the trash bin) the Microsoft UAM Volume and then go back into the chooser and reconnect to the Microsoft UAM Volume- you should now be able to connect as a registered guest.
Setting up shares
1. From the file manager (winfile from command line), select the directory to share to Macintosh.
2. On the MacFile menu, click Create Volume
3. Type a name in the volume (or accept the default)
4. Click Permissions to modify the permissions for Mac users (eg Domain users- See Folders, See Files and Make Changes). Apply permissions to subdirectories if required.
5. Click OK
Use Remove Volume to remove the shares on the Microsoft UAM Volume (not required after the AppleShare folder is copied.
Setting Up E-mail on the Macintosh Clients
Every box of BackOffice Small Business Server 4.5 should include a fulfilment coupon that you can use to request the Microsoft Outlook Exchange Server Edition for Macintosh version 8.1. This CD includes a special Macintosh version of the Outlook messaging and collaboration client that supports e-mail and scheduling through Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5-the e-mail server integrated with Small Business Server 4.5. For detailed instructions on installing this client software, please refer to the Readme.doc found in the root directory of the CD.
Setting Up Outlook Express on the Macintosh Clients
From Q187038- Macintosh Outlook Express Fails with SOCKS Proxy
The information in this article applies to:
– Microsoft Proxy Server version 2.0
– Microsoft Outlook Express versions 4.0, 4.0c, 4.5 for Macintosh
The e-mail function of Microsoft Outlook Express fails to connect to Internet Mail servers when used with the Microsoft Proxy Server 2.0 SOCKS service.
Outlook Express Mail supports SOCKS version 4.0. It does not support the Microsoft Proxy 2.0 version of the SOCKS protocol (version 4.3a), which gives support for DNS resolution.
Outlook Express must either be configured by using the IP address of the SMTP and POP mail server along with the IP address of the Proxy Server’s internal network interface or by configuring an internal DNS server that does internet resolution.
To ensure Outlook Express is configured properly, perform the following steps:
1. Start Outlook Express.
2. Click Edit/Preferences from the Macintosh Menu.
3. In the Preferences window, click E-mail under the Accounts section in left pane.
4. For each of the following sections in the E-mail pane (on the right side), set the values as follows:
Sending Mail Section:
SMTP Server – Set this value to the SMTP Server’s IP address (not the DNS name)
Receiving Mail Section:
POP Server – Set this value to the POP Server’s IP address (not the DNS name)
5. In the left pane, click Proxies under the Network section.
6. In the right pane, verify that Enabled is checked. If not, click the Enabled option.
7. In the Protocol drop-down list, choose Other.
8. In the Method drop-down list, choose SOCKS.
9. Type in the IP address of the Microsoft Proxy Server’s internal network interface in the Address section under Method (for example,http://ProxyServer’s_IP_address).
10. Enter 1080 for the Port value (the option next to Address). This value is the control channel used to communicate with the Microsoft SOCKS service so that the client can request the commands it needs to reach the Internet.
11. Click OK to save the above changes.
12. On the Proxy Server computer, verify that permissions have been granted for the Macintosh clients on port 1080 by performing the following:
a. Open Internet Service Manager.
b. Right-click SOCKS Service and click Properties.
c. Click the Permissions tab.
d. Click Add.
e. Set the permissions to the following settings:
Action – Permit
Source – All (this can be on an individual IP basis)
Destination – All (this can be on an individual IP basis)
f. Create the following three filters for mail to be sent and received (if
trying to secure protocols):
Port – EQ (equal) – 1080
Port – EQ (equal) – 25
Port – EQ (equal) – 110
Create one filter that permits all to go through SOCKS on any port
Port – GE 0
g. Click OK, and then click OK again.
With these settings Outlook should be able to send and receive mail appropriately.